Serving Gallatin and Sumner County

Gallatin TN Civil Lawyer

Civil Litigation

Regulates disputes between individuals


Civil Disputes and Litigation

Civil litigation is a legal dispute between two or more parties where someone files a lawsuit to seek money damages or specific performance of an obligation rather than criminal sanctions.

Thomas Boyers has extensive (and successful) experience both in criminal and civil litigation.

As a lawyer who practices litigation, Tom is known as a .litigator. or .trial lawyer.. He represents parties in trials, hearings, arbitrations and mediations before administrative agencies, and federal, state and local courts.

Tom has successfully negotiated multi-million dollar settlements, has won six-figure judgments, and has successfully represented more clients than he can count in Tennessee State Courts, including both General Sessions and Circuit Courts, as well as Federal Court here in Tennessee. You can find out more about Tom and the legacy of the Boyers family here.

Types of Civil Litigation

Civil litigation encompasses a broad range of disputes. Several common types of civil litigation include:

  • Education Law
  • Environmental Law
  • Landlord/Tenant
  • Products Liability
  • Personal Injury
  • Intellectual Property
  • Construction
  • Juvenile Law
  • Family Law (divorce, child custody, support modifications, etc.)
  • Medical Malpractice
  • Employment/Labor
  • Real Estate
  • Anti-Trust
  • Worker.s Compensation

Litigation Lifecycle


Civil litigation can be divided into seven stages:

  1. Investigation (discovering the issues and potential claims)
  2. Pleadings (filing or responding to a Complaint)
  3. Discovery (obtaining information from the other side through deposition, interrogatories, etc.)
  4. Pre-trial Motions (summary judgment, dismissal, evidentiary, etc)
  5. Trial (either a jury trial or before a judge)
  6. Settlement, (which begins at the investigation stage and continues through trial), and
  7. Appeal (generally limited to mistakes the judge may have made at trial)

Most lawsuits don’t pass through each stage of litigation. Most lawsuits are settled prior to trial and most cases that reach a trial verdict are not appealed. The time it takes to take a lawsuit through all the stages can range from several months to several years. Complex civil litigation often takes years to pass from pre-suit investigation through trial/settlement.

Discovery is the longest and most labor-intensive stage of civil litigation. Contrary to the image portrayed by television, civil litigators spend little time in trial; most time is devoted to the discovery stage of litigation.

Tom is an expert at every stage of litigation, as is proven by his multi-million dollar settlements and six-figure jury awards. Just as importantly, Tom realizes that behind each case is a person, a client who experiencing the litigation along with him. That’s why Tom is very careful to involve his clients in every step of the process. He feels that together, you and he are a team working together.

Litigation Skills


Certain skills and knowledge are essential to litigation practice. Key legal skills that Tom possesses include:

  • Knowledge of substantive and procedural law (including both the Tennessee and Federal laws and Rules of Civil Procedure)
  • Strong written and oral advocacy skills (the bulk of the work is done on paper, but your case must usually be argued before a judge, jury or arbitrator)
  • Analytical and logical reasoning abilities (your lawyer must know the theory of the case and all the evidence must either fit the theory, or adapt into the theory to win)
  • Ability to synthesize complex legal and factual materials
  • Superior interpersonal skills (the practice of law is mostly about people skills”
  • Knowledge of legal research techniques and software (basic and fundamental, but absolutely necessary)
  • Client development skills (you are the client, and you needs come first)
  • Negotiation skills (again, your needs come first, and most often, pursuing a case through trial is the last resort)

When you need a lawyer, you need one who is experienced, knowledgeable, caring and compassionate, and capable to bring you the best results possible. Thomas Boyers V is that lawyer. Call him today at (615) 206-8662 or contact him here to discuss your case. You’ll be glad you did.